Peterson Corp. News


Stockpile

A stockpile is a built up pile of finished material that is formed by the discharge conveyor. The size of the stockpile is dependent on how tall and angle of the conveyor.

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Stockpile Height

The height of a stockpile helps determine the amount of material that has been processed through a machine and stacked by a conveyor.

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Stockpile Volume

Stockpile volume is a measurement of the piled material to quantify how much material was processed.

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Stockpile Mass

Stockpile mass is the weight measurement of the stockpile. This is measured in cubic tons.

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Top Soil

Topsoil is the upper, outermost layer of soil, usually the top 2 inches (5.1 cm) to 8 inches (20 cm). It has the highest concentration of organic matter and microorganisms and is where most of the Earth's biological soil activity …

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Operations Yard

An operations yard is a piece of land where material is processed through equipment down to a specific spec.

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Windrow

A windrow is a long low ridge or line of compost hay or other crop, designed to achieve the best conditions for drying or curing.

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Stockpile Height

The height of a stockpile helps determine the amount of material that has been processed through the screen.

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Stockpile Mass

Stockpile mass is the weight measurement of the piled material. This is measured in cubic tons.

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Stockpile Volume

Stockpile volume is a measurement of the piled material to quantify how much material was processed through the screen.

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Right-Of-Way (ROW)

An easement that allows a third party to operate a project on a specified piece of land without needing to own it. Examples of these projects are land clearing of trees, limbs or roots for electric lines, pipelines, farming, or …

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In-Field Chipping

In-Field Chipping is the process of debarking and converting the feedstock to chips while on the logging site. This can lower transportation costs by eliminating the need to haul out whole trees from the job site as well as shorten the …

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Whole-Tree Utilization

Whole-tree utilization finds uses for non-merchantable stems and slash, this is typically through chipping for biomass and mulch.

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Thinning

Thinning is the removal of trees to achieve a desired spacing and number of remaining stems per acre. It is most commonly used in plantation forestry to prevent overcrowding and promote the health and growing speed of the remaining trees. …

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Stumpage

Stumpage is the price paid for the right to harvest timber from a specified property. Sometimes referenced as stumpage value, or the value of standing timber--trees "on the stump."

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Woods Run

Woods run are unsorted or ungraded logs, sold based on the average value of logs. Using a log scale is a more accurate method for pricing based on size, species, and quality.

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Timber Cruise

A timber cruise is completed by a forester, determining the volume and value of merchantable stems on the property. This step allows land-owners to determine their next step, as well as provides opportunities for short- and long-term forest management. The …

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Softwood

Softwood trees are conifer trees, typically evergreen with needles. Softwood trees tend to grow faster than hardwood trees making their wood less dense--or soft. However, not all hardwood trees are harder than softwood trees. Some softwood species include: Fir Redwood Pine Spruce Juniper Cedar

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Hardwood

Hardwood trees are deciduous trees, loosing all their leaves annually. Hardwood trees tend to grow slower than softwood trees making their wood more dense. However, not all hardwood trees are harder than softwood trees. Some hardwood species include: Oak Alder Aspen …

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Non-Merchantable Stem

A Non-Merchantable Stem is a tree trunk too small to meet a pre-defined size and valuation category for a particular product (such as lumber) or customer. Previously wasted slash, these trees are now often harvested and utilized with microchipping or biomass.

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Merchantable Stem

A merchantable stem is a logged tree with saleable value. Trees must be of certain size for different applications--merchantable trees for pulp chips are different than lumber. Tree value is calculated by height of the tree and the diameter of …

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Natural Regeneration

Natural regeneration relies on re-sprouting, stump sprouts, seeds or other natural occurrences to reforest a harvested area. Most hardwood species re-sprout vigorously from dormant buds near the stump or from the roots. Likewise pine seed can remain viable on the …

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Artificial Regeneration

Artificial Regeneration is the planting of tree seedlings or seeds after a timber harvest rather than relying on stump sprouts, seeds, and other forms of natural regeneration. Planting is usually one of the final steps after other site preparation activities designed …

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Slash

Slash is the woody debris remaining after a logging operation. Slash may include branches, tree tops, non-merchantable logs. Chipping slash material with Peterson chippers is great for making biomass and mulches.

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Landing

A Landing is a planned zone identified within a logging operation to concentrate and organize the wood into wood decks, sorted by product and value. Landings are often planned in advance and located to minimize site impacts such as erosion, …

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Deck (Log Deck)

A Deck (Log Deck) is a pile of logs, usually at a landing, but can be located anywhere. Log decks are unstable and safety measures should be taken near them. The term deck can also be used as a verb to …

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Clearcut

Clearcutting is the logging technique of removing all timber from an area. Clearcutting used in conjunction with sustainable forestry practices is a tool for even-aged timber management. A clearcut can both positively and negatively impact the land and can be used …

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