Blower Truckpedia is your source for all things pneumatic Blower Trucks and Blower Trailers. Get the low-down on industry terminology, colloquialisms, and learn the ins-and-outs of Peterson’s industry-leading machines. Blower Truckpedia is your source for What You Need to Know.
Materials that do not flow well form an arch or span across sloping sides of a blower truck body, leaving a void. This prevents material from continuing to move into the feeder, reducing material or halting discharge. Bridging typically occurs in force feed systems.
Bridging is a serious problem, and clearing material can cause serious injury or even death. The only safe way to free the material is to stop the blower truck, open the back door, and shovel the bridged material out of the truck. It is dangerous and never permissible to be inside the box of an operating blower truck.
The bulkhead is the area at the front of the truck box or trailer in which Peterson places their componentry (examples: trailer engine, blower and blower motor, hydraulic components, and electrical controls) to protect them from road hazards as well as material inside the box.
A Class 8 Truck is a heavy duty commercial vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) exceeding 33,000 lbs (14968.55 kg) and typically having three or more axles. Class 8 trucks generally require a Class-B CDL driver’s license or Class-A CDL for combination vehicles (truck and trailer). Peterson Blower Trucks and Trailers are Class 8 vehicles.
A closed loop hydrostatic hydraulic system is a hydraulic system which the oil flows from the pump to the hydraulic motor back to the pump. This type of hydraulic system gives you immediate control over power functions associated within the systems loop, including the pause/resume feature of Peterson’s blower trucks and blower trailers.
A coupler connects discharge hoses together for a longer reach. Peterson’s standard couplers are an external design, resulting in no internal restriction to the material flow. The full inside diameter of the hose is available for air/product flow which means your hose is less likely to plug.
The clam shell coupler goes on the outside of the discharge hose using a wedge to cinch the coupler tight to the hoses.
The discharge hose delivers a variety of material from the truck/trailer to the ground. Peterson blower trucks and trailers can move material up to 600 feet (182.88 m) and are equipped with 5-inch diameter hoses which can move more material than their competition and are less likely to plug. Optional 4” (10.16 cm) and 6” (15.24 cm) hoses are available.
For each one-inch increase or decrease in the discharge hose diameter you get approximately a 33% increase or decrease in material volume that the hose can carry. As a general rule, use the smallest diameter conveying tube with the required capacity. Smaller discharge hoses are a more economical system. The larger the hose the less apt they will be to plug with larger more difficult particulates. Peterson blower trucks and trailers can accommodate 4-, 5-, or 6-inch hoses.
Two gearboxes as well as two hydraulic motors are attached to the dual drive feeder, maximizing torque. This gives Peterson blower trucks and trailers a distinct advantage over competitive machines with a single drive system.
The feed system on a pneumatic blower truck includes all the mechanics that move the material toward and into the blower and discharge system. There are different types of designs and mechanics. Peterson blower trucks and trailers use a gravity feed system for it’s efficiency, safety, and lower wear and maintenance on parts.
Peterson’s feed system uses the walking floor with optional power sweep to move material from the straight-walled box toward the feeder. The tines fluff and break up material while the auger with devil’s tails move the material toward the feeder while breaking up any clumps. Peterson’s feed system is uniquely designed to prevent bridging, keep operators safe, and efficient material handling.
The Feeder meters the volume of material introduced into the discharge air stream. Peterson’s blower truck and trailer feeders have a larger opening than competitors and a dual drive system that helps with the cutting of difficult materials. This prevents clogs and ensures a smooth delivery of feed materials into the air stream.
Peterson offers a custom graphics package to make your blower truck or trailer stand out. Customized for your company’s brand and logo. Multiple designs to choose from, including fully customized options. Beat the competition by standing out in the crowd.
A Gravity Feed uses gravity rather than force to deliver material into the feed system. Augers and tines break up the material, dropping it into the feeder and prevent bridging, ensuring a consistent flow of material into the air stream.
Helix Style Rotor describes the angle in which the pockets are placed on the rotor of the feeder. This helix assists in cutting any oversized organic material and sealing the air in the air pipe, delivering a smooth flow of material into the air stream for smooth performance at the end of the discharge hose.
The hose reel, a Peterson exclusive, is an efficient way to unload and load hose in between jobs. Because larger lengths of hose can be stored, fewer couplers are needed. On blower trucks, the external reel is at the back of the truck, for blower trailers, it is enclosed at the front of the trailer. Peterson’s hose reel design has an optional powered take-up allowing operators to unreel and retract hose quickly and efficiently. This leaves operators better rested so that they can be more productive throughout their day, instead of being fatigued loading and unloading hose by hand.
The external hose reel can hold up to 320 feet (98 m) of hose.
The hose reel is available with an optional reel cover for custom graphics.
The Parker IQAN (pronounced i-can) system is the main computer processor and control system platform used on all Peterson equipment. It monitors machine inputs and outputs while controlling machine functions. The IQAN Controls are the primary interface for the operator to control performance and functions.
Kunkle Valve is a safety device for pressure control, regulating PSI, to prevent a backup in air pressure and can decrease air flow if pressure is too high. Kunkle valves create safer working conditions.
The LED directional light bar is an added measure of safety for any operator that may be working anywhere that there is traffic. This light bar gives operators a way to visually let traffic know that they are working in the area or even direct traffic around them to the left side or the right side of the truck.
A power operated overhead tarp provides access for easy loading. The motor keeps the cover pulled tight over the material during transportation. The overhead tarp is available as an upgrade feature on the Peterson blower trucks.
Peterson blower trailers can discharge material from the right-hand or left-hand side of the vehicle. In the USA a machine would traditionally discharge to the right-hand side of the machine which would keep an operator curbside for safety. In the event that the operator is blowing material down the center median streetscape the air discharge hose can be reconfigured for a left hand discharge which would keep the hose and operator out of traffic and on the center median.
The Slide Axle is the rear tandem axle on a trailer that can be slid forward (or backward) along the length of the trailer to adjust the weight on different axles. This allows drivers to put the axles where the weight is best distributed. When the rear axle is in a forward position, decreasing the wheelbase, it increases maneuverability in tight areas.
Spring-Loaded Tensioners are bolt on tensioners that are spring loaded to keep daisy chains from skipping over a tooth on the sprockets of the augers and tines. If an auger is loaded heavily it has forgiveness not to over pressure the chain causing a premature failure.
Tackifier is a chemical compound used in formulating adhesives to increases the stickiness of the substance. Tackifiers are mainly used in erosion control, added to the pneumatic seeding mix or substrate for steep slopes. This increases the tackiness of a substance, helping to keep it in place.
A Tag Axle is a type of lift axle located behind the driving tandem axles. Lowered to the ground when needed for heavy loads, distributing the loaded weight across more axles. Tag axles shorten the wheelbase making it more maneuverable than a push axle. Tag axles are standard on Peterson Blower Trucks.
Peterson’s blower trucks and trailers feature a Tri-Lobe™ Blower which is a robust and reliable system. The system is designed to use 5 and 6 inch (12.7 and 15.24 cm) diameter hoses which can blow materials that could plug smaller hoses. Stiffer at the shaft than a two-lobe blower and runs more consistently.
A Walking Floor, or Live Floor, describes the sliding slats of the blower truck or trailer floor, continually moving material toward the feeder. Peterson’s live floors feature Top Seal, interlocking slats, keeping material from filtering down. Unlike a conveyor, live floors do not leak, allow for quick clean up, and move a wide variety of materials toward the feeder more efficiently. The walking floor eliminates more traditional v-shaped hoppers which are prone to bridging.